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Open Educational Resources

What are Open Educational Resources (OER)?

The term OER (Open Educational Resources) is defined as “any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license” and can “range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” (UNESCO, 2002)

OER's differ from traditional educational resources in terms of their licencing and permissions. Based upon the 5R Framework introduced by David Wiley, users have permission to:

Source -

For a truly "open" resource and an overall spirit of "openness", embrace all 5 principles!

Research on the Benefits of OER Adoption

The Impact of OER Initiatives on Faculty Selection of Classroom Materials

An in-depth study to address new questions about OER awareness and use. This report examines activities at the state and regional level in the U.S., with a focus on regional higher education compacts.

SPARC Open Education Research Studies Bibliography

A comprehensive summary of all known empirical research on the impacts of OER adoption.

Multi-institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbooks

Study of 16,000 students across 10 institutions, compares several measures of student academic success between those using open textbooks and those using traditional textbooks.